You are indeed geeks. Thank you for all your thoughts.
FCO and FRA hub with connections to AMS, CDG on fifth freedom. MXP was floated for connection with MAD but would affect traffic from FCO. So most likely still coming from FCO instead of MXP, if considered. It wasn't possible in 2012. One reason for denial is our blacklist status. Remember that?
In 2016, negotiations for these rights were made at the ASEAN level and agreed in 2021. It was just signed now as it was made after ASEAN meeting last year. We only have about 9 ASA before in EU, including Switzerland. PAL used to fly ZRH and ATH in Greece. Sadly, I don't see these legacy routes considered on this plan. Maybe in the future we would find them again.
With this regional ASA, we only have 1 now. Airlines will just need to contend with slot allocations. Question now would be where to fly?
Based on 2018 travel statistics, next to LHR, FRA has the most Foreign and Filipino pax to PH, followed by FCO, CDG and AMS in that particular order. MXP AFAIK is 5 or 6. Meanwhile, BRU is not even in the top 10, but PAL is considering this route in exchange for the nod. Politics, so to speak.
Topping list of foreigners from Europe going to PH in 2021 is Turkey. But that is not in the EU. Which also explains the double daily flight of TK. Followed by UK, DE, FR, and IT. Traffic is there but not big enough to justify flights regularly, without hopping. Now, its possible.
4 EU airports is prepared by PAL for this eventuality. Even if they are not yet talking. Because they don't have planes yet. It will come soon.
If you could remember, RSA took 6 A340s for the EU. Yes, the Iberia kind. In the end he was able to use only 1, to LHR.